This is the second in a two-part series, covering anterior
cingulotomy and ‘reversible’ neuromodulation strategies, namely
vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), and deep brain stimulation
In the first module in this series,
Neurosurgery and neuromodulation for
mental disorder: Part 1, we looked at indications,
patient selection, and the legislative framework.
For each intervention, the evidence supporting
their use will be reviewed. Adverse effects and the current state
of the technology will be covered in more detail.
We have adopted the term ‘neurosurgery for
mental disorder’ (NMD) to describe a range of neurosurgical
interventions for psychiatric illness. When reviewing historical
developments, the term ‘psychosurgery’ is used to describe older
and usually obsolete procedures.
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