Sensory impairment and intellectual disability
Adults with intellectual disability have a higher
prevalence of sensory impairment than the general population.
The high prevalence of autistic spectrum
disorder within this population and deficits in communication
skills make the assessment of sensory impairment a challenge. In
practice, this usually results in a diagnostic overshadowing, as
any change in behaviour may be attributed to intellectual
disability, mental illness or autism rather than sensory
In this module, we consider the topic in
detail with a view towards raising the awareness of healthcare
professionals for the early detection and effective management
of sensory impairment in adults with intellectual disability.